Term: Spring 2019

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BIO 100 Principles Of Biology
Introduces basic principles and concepts of biology. Methods of scientific inquiry and behavior of matter and energy in biological systems are explored. Not available for credit in the major or minor. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 100 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 100L Principles Of Biology Lab
Investigates examples of life, with focus on our understanding of evolution, environment, heredity, body form, and function. Not available for credit in the major or minor. 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Corequisite: BIO 100.
1 BIO 100 - Level Lab Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 154 The Art And Science Of Human Movement
Introduces the study of human exercise and provides a broad-based understanding of applications of human movement to health and science. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 100 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 171 Skills For Success In Science
Tools and strategies for succeeding in the university culture and introductory science courses. Designed for students entering science courses of intellectual inquiry. In-depth study of a substantive problem. Instructor consent required. Letter grade only.
2 BIO 100 - Level
BIO 181 Unity Of Life I: Life Of The Cell
Introductory course for biology majors. Emphasizes the unifying molecular and cellular principles of all life on earth. Letter grade only. Required course materials and ebook access will be billed to each student's LOUIE account after the add/drop deadline. Prerequisites: high school algebra, biology, and chemistry.
3 BIO 100 - Level Science and Applied Science SUN Scientific Inquiry
BIO 181H Unity Of Life I: Life Of The Cell - Honors
Introductory course for biology majors. Emphasizes the unifying molecular and cellular principles of all life on earth. Letter grade only. Required course materials and ebook access will be billed to each student's LOUIE account after the add/drop deadline. Prerequisites: high school algebra, biology, and chemistry.
3 BIO 100 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 181L Unity Of Life I Laboratory
Introduces experimental techniques in cellular and molecular biological sciences. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
1 BIO 100 - Level Lab Science SUN Scientific Inquiry
BIO 181R Unity Of Life I Recitation
Optional recitation section covering problem-solving techniques in biology. Not available for credit in the major or minor. Pass-fail only.
1 BIO 100 - Level
BIO 182 Unity Of Life II: Lives Of Multicellular Organisms
Introductory course for biology majors. Emphasizes the unifying organismal principles of life on earth. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 100 - Level Science and Applied Science SUN Scientific Inquiry
BIO 182H Unity Of Life II: Lives Of Multicellular Organisms - Honors
Introductory course for biology majors. Emphasizes the unifying organismal principles of life on earth. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 100 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 182L Unity Of Life II Laboratory
Hands on experience with concepts introduced in BIO 182. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
1 BIO 100 - Level Lab Science SUN Scientific Inquiry
BIO 192 Introduction To Exercise Science
Overview of the biological basis of human movement and function, including health, disease, and human performance. Provides information on the subject matter, career opportunities, and current literature in exercise science. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 100 - Level
BIO 192H Introduction To Exercise Science - Honors
Overview of the biological basis of human movement and function, including health, disease, and human performance. Provides information on the subject matter, career opportunities, and current literature in exercise science. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 100 - Level
BIO 199 Special Topics
Foundations of intellectual inquiry. In-depth study of a substantive problem. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 units. Letter grade only.
1-3 BIO 100 - Level
BIO 201 Human Anatomy/Physiology I
Integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and sensory systems in health and disease. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 200 - Level SUN
BIO 201L Human Anatomy/Physiology I Lab
Examines histology and human organ systems including integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
1 BIO 200 - Level SUN
BIO 201R Human Anatomy & Physiology I Recitation
Optional recitation section to improve vocabulary, problem-solving, and study skills for Human Anatomy & Physiology I. Not available for credit in the major or minor. Pass-fail only.
1 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 202 Human Anatomy/Physiology II
Body fluid, cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, urinary, reproductive, and endocrine systems in health and disease. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 200 - Level SUN
BIO 202L Human Anatomy/Physiology II Lab
Examines human organ systems including endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, urinary, digestive, and reproductive. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
1 BIO 200 - Level SUN
BIO 205 Microbiology
Fundamental microbiology emphasizing structure and function of organisms, aspects of microbial diversity, pathogenic microorganisms, disease mechanisms and immune response. For students majoring in microbiology and those in the health professions. Recommended: CHM 130 or CHM 151. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 200 - Level Science and Applied Science SUN Scientific Inquiry
BIO 205H Microbiology - Honors
Fundamental microbiology emphasizing structure and function of organisms, aspects of microbial diversity, pathogenic microorganisms, disease mechanisms and immune response. For students majoring in microbiology and those in the health professions. Recommended: CHM 130 or CHM 151. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 200 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 205L Microbiology Lab
Examines the function of organisms, aspects of microbial diversity, pathogenic microorganisms, disease mechanisms and immune response. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
1 BIO 200 - Level Lab Science SUN Scientific Inquiry
BIO 215 Environmental Science For Hotel/Restaurant Managers
Environmental health issues that impact hotel/restaurant guests, staff and managers. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only.
4 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 221 Lower Invertebrates
Surveys the "lower" invertebrate phyla using selected taxa to illustrate concepts in evolution, ecology, and behavior. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
4 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 222 Higher Invertebrates
Surveys the "higher" invertebrate phyla using selected taxa to illustrate concepts in evolution, ecology, and behavior. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
4 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 223 Vertebrate Zoology
Evolution, systematics, distribution, ecology, and primary adaptations of the major vertebrate groups. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
4 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 227 Intertidal Invertebrates
Surveys invertebrate diversity in the northern Gulf of California, with emphasis on common living and fossil species. Includes a five-day field trip to Puerto Penasco, Mexico. Instructor's Consent. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 221 or BIO 222.
1 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 240 Genetics And Evolution
Fundamental concepts of inheritance, including genetic and chromosomal character determination, and natural selection leading to population changes and speciation. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 240H Genetics And Evolution - Honors
Fundamental concepts of inheritance, including genetic and chromosomal character determination, and natural selection leading to population changes and speciation. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 244 Fundamental Evolutionary Biology
Fundamentals of evolutionary theory including natural selection, adaptation, species concepts and speciation, basics of phylogenetics and population genetics as well as patterns of diversification and extinction. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 284 Botany
Surveys botanical principles from an evolutionary perspective, including cell biology, inheritance, development, ecological roles, reproduction, and classification. 3 hrs. lecture and 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
4 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 299 Special Topics
In-depth study of an aspect, concept, or problem.  Letter grade only.  May be repeated for a maximum of 6 units.
1-3 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 299H Special Topics - Honors
In-depth study of an aspect, concept, or problem.  Letter grade only.  May be repeated for a maximum of 6 units.
1-3 BIO 200 - Level
BIO 300 Human Biology
Series of independent mini courses dealing with aspects of biology and human conditions. Letter grade only. May be repeated for a maximum of 10 units. Each repeat must be a different topic than previously taken.
1 BIO 300 - Level Science and Applied Science Critical Thinking
BIO 301 Science, Religion And Reality
Important topics in today's world showing significant differences of opinion or beliefs contrasting with scientific evidence or contemporary practice, such as life's origin, beginning of an individual, sexual orientation, death. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 302 Relevance Of Science
Crucial challenges, problems, or situations in today's world for which science gives us insight into meeting, solving or understanding, such as global warming, using reclaimed water, energy crisis, epidemics, obesity. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 305W Writing In Biology
Writing component for BIO 205L and BIO 326L. Letter grade only.
1 BIO 300 - Level Junior Writing Requirement Effective Writing
BIO 310 Scientific Concepts In Human Biology
Systems and processes of the human body integrated with an understanding of health and disease. Letter grade only. Prerequisite: high school biology or chemistry. Not available for credit in the major or minor.
3 BIO 300 - Level Science and Applied Science Critical Thinking
BIO 320 General Pathology
Surveys disease processes affecting body systems; cell death and inflammation; emphasizes altered physiological mechanisms in cells and organ systems. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 320H General Pathology - Honors
Surveys disease processes affecting body systems; cell death and inflammation; emphasizes altered physiological mechanisms in cells and organ systems. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 322 Entomology
Classification, identification, ecology, physiology, and economic importance of insects. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
4 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 326 Ecology
Introduces ecological principles, including the distribution and abundance of organisms, population dynamics, community organization, energy flow, and nutrient cycling. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 326H Ecology - Honors
Introduces ecological principles, including the distribution and abundance of organisms, population dynamics, community organization, energy flow, and nutrient cycling. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 326L Ecology Lab
Experimental analysis of plant and animal interactions within ecosystems, including community dynamics, ecological processes, and biotic inventories. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIO 326
1 BIO 300 - Level Lab Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 326LH Ecology Lab - Honors
Experimental analysis of plant and animal interactions within ecosystems, including community dynamics, ecological processes, and biotic inventories. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIO 326
1 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 334 Functional Anatomy And Kinesiology
Anatomical and mechanical basis of the science of human movement with application to analysis of movement activities. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 334H Functional Anatomy And Kinesiology - Honors
Anatomical and mechanical basis of the science of human movement with application to analysis of movement activities. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 338 Physiology Of Exercise
Physiology of human performance during exercise, including cellular and systemic responses, environmental, and training program considerations. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 338H Physiology Of Exercise - Honors
Physiology of human performance during exercise, including cellular and systemic responses, environmental, and training program considerations. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 338L Exercise Physiology Lab
Lab methods in exercise physiology, including cardiopulmonary and musculoskeletal function, body composition, and flexibility. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
1 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 343 Genetics Lab
Optional lab in the study of various modes of inheritance in plants and animals with special emphasis on humans. 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIO 340
1 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 344 Cellular And Molecular Biology
Organization and function of biological molecules, cell diversity, cell structure and function, and cell interaction and differentiation. Recommended: BIO 340. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 344H Cellular And Molecular Biology - Honors
Organization and function of biological molecules, cell diversity, cell structure and function, and cell interaction and differentiation. Recommended: BIO 340. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 345 Sustainable Botany
Applies plant science principles to aspects of growing plants, including soil science, pathology, physiology, entomology, orchard, garden, and greenhouse with comparison of modern agribusiness to sustainable agriculture. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
4 BIO 300 - Level Science and Applied Science
BIO 346 Advanced Microbiology
Detailed examination of advanced microbiological concepts and current applications. Topics include cell structure and function, growth and culturing approaches, energy generation, molecular and metabolic diversity, and extremophiles. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 349L Molecular Techniques
Teaches how to perform and interpret basic molecular techniques including Southern and Northern blots, gene cloning, PCR, protein purification, and SDS-PAGE. 9 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 344
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 350 Molecular Genetics
Studies genetics from a molecular and microbial perspective; gene structure, expression, control, mutation, and recombination; advances in genetic engineering. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 181 and BIO 182 and (CHM 230 and CHM 230L) or (CHM 235 and CHM 238) or CHM 360
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 350H Molecular Genetics - Honors
Studies genetics from a molecular and microbial perspective; gene structure, expression, control, mutation, and recombination; advances in genetic engineering. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 181 and BIO 182 and (CHM 230 and CHM 230L) or (CHM 235 and CHM 238) or CHM 360 and Honors student group.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 360 Biomechanics
Biomechanics of human movement and biological tissue properties. Co-convenes with BIO 542. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 365W Writing In The Biological Sciences
This course provides students with practice in biological writing for both technical and non-technical audiences, with the goal of fostering development of effective communication of scientific information by majors in the biological sciences. This course fulfills the University Liberal Studies Program essential skill in effective writing. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level Junior Writing Requirement Effective Writing
BIO 366 Behavior Of Animals
Surveys the theories and reasons that explain the behavior of animals. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 366H Behavior Of Animals - Honors
Surveys the theories and reasons that explain the behavior of animals. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 300 - Level Science and Applied Science Scientific Inquiry
BIO 369 Environmental Microbiology
Microorganisms in the air, food, soil, and water, and their interaction with the environment. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 205
4 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 369H Environmental Microbiology - Honors
Microorganisms in the air, food, soil, and water, and their interaction with the environment. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 205
4 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 373 Marine Biology
Behavior, ecology, biogeography, and evolution of marine organisms relative to the physics and geology of the ocean. Letter grade only. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 373H Marine Biology - Honors
Behavior, ecology, biogeography, and evolution of marine organisms relative to the physics and geology of the ocean. Letter grade only. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 374 Economic Botany
Surveys plants used by humans including plant parts or products used and their geographic origin and distribution. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 300 - Level Science and Applied Science Oral Communication
BIO 375 Infectious Disease
This course will cover the challenge presented by infectious microorganisms, how the host responds to the challenge, and what challenges lie ahead for both humans and microbes. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 375H Infectious Disease - Honors
This course will cover the challenge presented by infectious microorganisms, how the host responds to the challenge, and what challenges lie ahead for both humans and microbes. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 376 Industrial Microbiology And Biotechnology
Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology explores how microorganisms are used to make medicines, foods, and energy, and to genetically engineer plants and animals. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
4 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 389 Cooperative Education
Individualized preplanned cooperative employment experience related to your field of study or career objectives. Fee required. Pass-fail only. May be repeated for a maximum of 12 units.
1-12 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 399 Special Topics
In-depth study of an aspect, concept, or problem within a program of study. Letter grade only. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 units.
1-3 BIO 300 - Level
BIO 401C Immunobiology
Basic aspects of immunobiology emphasizing immune response, antibody structure and reactions with antigens, immunological specificity, and immunological diseases. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Recommended: CHM 360.
4 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 401CH Immunobiology - Honors
Basic aspects of immunobiology emphasizing immune response, antibody structure and reactions with antigens, immunological specificity, and immunological diseases. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Recommended: CHM 360.
4 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 402 Virology
Biophysical, genetic and biochemical characteristics of mammalian and microbial viruses. Co-convened with BIO 502. Recommended: PHY 111 and 112 Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 408 Fieldwork Experience
Supervised field experience in an appropriate agency or organization. Pass-fail only. No repeat limit. Course fee required.
1-12 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 408C Fieldwork Experience
Supervised fieldwork experience in a professional exercise-science setting. Requires 45 hours for each credit earned. Instructor's consent required. Pass-fail only. May be repeated for up to 12 units of credit. Course fee required.
1-12 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 408CH Fieldwork Experience - Honors
Supervised fieldwork experience in a professional exercise-science setting. Requires 45 hours for each credit earned. Instructor's consent required. Pass-fail only. May be repeated for up to 12 units of credit. Course fee required.
1-12 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 409 Soil And Groundwater Bioremediation
Fundamental concepts of bioremediation, including discussion of the following topics: degradation kinetics, bioaugmentation, metal biotransformation, molecular approaches to bioremediation, chlorinated solvents, phytoremediation, petroleum hydrocarbons, and natural attenuation. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 409H Soil And Groundwater Bioremediation - Honors
Fundamental concepts of bioremediation, including discussion of the following topics: degradation kinetics, bioaugmentation, metal biotransformation, molecular approaches to bioremediation, chlorinated solvents, phytoremediation, petroleum hydrocarbons, and natural attenuation. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 410 Phycology
Systematics, structure, reproduction, ecology, and methods of collecting algae; culture and experimental study of selected algae species. Field trips, 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 411 Mycology
Systematics, physiology, ecology, and medical importance of fungi and related forms; field identification and experimental studies. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 414 Native Plants Of Arizona
Field-oriented course emphasizing the recognition of much of the native and naturalized flora of Arizona. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 415 Plant Taxonomy
Introduces the principles of plant classification; a survey of flowering plant families in northern Arizona; collection, identification, and preservation of wild flowers and grasses. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 182 and BIO 182L and (BIO 284 or BIO 345 or BIO 374 or BIO 410 or BIO 411 or BIO 414 or BIO 426C or BIO 431)
4 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 416 Gross Human Anatomy
Investigation of human anatomy through hands-on study of human cadavers, models, and prosections. The course will cover skeletal, muscular, nervous, cardiopulmonary, digestive, and urogenital anatomy. 4 hrs.lecture, 6 hrs. lab. Course fee required. Letter grade only.
6 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 420C Advanced Exercise Physiology
Applies physiological principles to exercise circumstances; includes critical analysis of the effect of exercise on human physiologic function with in-depth examination of current literature. This course is an option to satisfy the capstone requirement for exercise science majors. Co-convenes with BIO 514. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 420CH Advanced Exercise Physiology - Honors
Applies physiological principles to exercise circumstances; includes critical analysis of the effect of exercise on human physiologic function with in-depth examination of current literature. This course is an option to satisfy the capstone requirement for exercise science majors. Co-convenes with BIO 514. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 424 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
Interpretation of vertebrate structure with emphasis on phylogeny and function. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 340
4 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 425C Animal Physiology
Function and integration of animal tissues, organs, and organ systems in the maintenance of homeostasis. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 425CH Animal Physiology - Honors
Function and integration of animal tissues, organs, and organ systems in the maintenance of homeostasis. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 425L Animal Physiology Lab
Lab experience in the study of animal tissues, organs, and organ systems. 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIO 425C
1 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 425LH Animal Physiology Lab - Honors
Lab experience in the study of animal tissues, organs, and organ systems. 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIO 425CH
1 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 426C Plants And Climate
Analyzes plant physiological functions, including photosynthesis, transpiration, respiration, and energy balance, and interactions with the past and current climate system. 3 hours lecture. Recommended: CHM 360, BIO 284. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone Effective Writing|Oral Communication
BIO 429 Medical Entomology
Taxonomy, Morphology, Life history, Ecology, and Behavior of medically important insects and other arthropods, as well as the diseases they vector. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 431 Plant Morphology
Comparative functional morphology, ecology, and evolutionary relationships of algae, fungi, bryophytes, and vascular plants; field and lab exercises include fossil and living plants. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 or BIO 181H) and BIO 182
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 435C Advanced Evolutionary Theory
Advanced concepts in evolution including the origin of variation, natural selection, population genetics, mathematical approaches to understanding evolution including neutral theory, species concepts, patterns and rates of lineage diversification, and methods of phylogenetic analysis. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 435CH Advanced Evolutionary Theory - Honors
Advanced concepts in evolution including the origin of variation, natural selection, population genetics, mathematical approaches to understanding evolution including neutral theory, species concepts, patterns and rates of lineage diversification, and methods of phylogenetic analysis. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 436 Developmental Plant Anatomy
The structure and function of major tissues and organs of seed plants, stressing the origin and differentiation of tissues and organs, i.e., a developmental approach with a strong evolutionary emphasis. The major focus is on angiosperms (flowering plants) with comparisons being made to gymnosperms. Co-convenes with BIO 536. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 441 Conservation Biology
Scientific basis for conserving and managing biological diversity, emphasizing applications of ecology, drawing on other scientific disciplines, and integrating public policy and sociological issues. Cross-listed with ENV 440. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 441H Conservation Biology - Honors
Scientific basis for conserving and managing biological diversity, emphasizing applications of ecology, drawing on other scientific disciplines, and integrating public policy and sociological issues. Cross-listed with ENV 440. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 444C Human Physiology
Physiology of major body systems studied at the metabolic, cellular, and systemic levels, emphasizing homeostatic mechanisms. Letter grade only.
4 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 444CH Human Physiology - Honors
Physiology of major body systems studied at the metabolic, cellular, and systemic levels, emphasizing homeostatic mechanisms. Letter grade only.
4 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 450 Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics focuses on the analysis of DNA sequence data, and this class will include discussion of the mathematical, statistical, and computational techniques used in studying genomes and proteomes. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 454C Applied Cardiovascular Physiology
Human physiology as it relates to cardiovascular regulation during orthostasis, exercise, aging, thermal stress, and in special populations. Co-convened with BIO 554. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 460 Exercise Testing And Prescription
Basics of cardiopulmonary and musculoskeletal testing and exercise prescription for general and compromised populations. Includes electrocardiograph analysis. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 460L Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Lab
Applies the principles of cardiopulmonary exercise testing and prescription, including electrocardiogram analysis, aerobic testing, pulmonary function, body composition, and the prescription resulting from that testing. 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
1 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 465C Advanced Clinical Exercise Science
This course will cover pathogenesis and pathophysiology of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease and focus on current research related to interventions including exercise, nutrition, nutritional supplements, and pharmacological therapies. Additionally the topics of aging, obesity, chronic inflammation, and oxidative stress will be addressed. Co-convened with BIO 565. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 466 Legislative Internship
Supervised internship in the Arizona Legislature during spring semester. Students are selected on a competitive basis, and you must apply during the fall semester. (To be eligible, you must be a candidate for a bachelor's degree and have completed all lower-division requirements and attained senior status at the end of the fall semester preceding the internship.) Registration is handled by the associate provost for academic administration after the legislature has made its final selection. Pass-fail only. May be repeated for a maximum of 12 units; not the same subject.
1-12 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 467 Ecological Sampling And Monitoring
This course familiarizes students with general concepts and techniques in field ecology. It surveys species and phenomena that characterize aquatic, terrestrial, and/or transition ecosystems; familiarizes students with basic sampling, monitoring, ecological concepts, hypothesis testing, and experimental procedures with an emphasis on data organization and analysis techniques that exemplify best practices in ecology. Co-convened with BIO 567. 1 hr. lecture, 9 hrs. lab. Letter grade only.
4 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 468 Conservation And Management Of Imperiled Species
The course familiarizes students with the practical, legal, political, social, and economic realities of managing regulated species, and it engages them in current conservation challenges with imperiled species and habitats. The course emphasizes innovative, multidisciplinary resource management and conservation strategies. Co-convened with BIO 568. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 469 Data Analysis And Representation
This course emphasizes quantitative approaches, graphical representation, and science writing, and prepares students for the presentation of independent field research in a public and professional forum. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 471C Microbial Ecology
Population, community, and ecosystem ecology of microorganisms emphasizing interactions with plants and animals and the roles of microorganisms in ecosystem processes. Co-convenes with BIO 578. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 471CH Microbial Ecology - Honors
Population, community, and ecosystem ecology of microorganisms emphasizing interactions with plants and animals and the roles of microorganisms in ecosystem processes. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 475 Parasitology
Parasites and their life cycles, host injuries, treatment, means of control, and prevention of infection. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: Junior Status
4 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 477 Fish Management
Introduces theory and practice of commercial and sport fish management. Topics include evolution and management of wild and stocked populations; field, lab, and hatchery techniques; aquaculture; exotic species; politics and economic management. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 478 Wildlife Management
Surveys concepts and practices employed in the study and management of terrestrial wildlife. Topics include values, habitat requirements, movements, behavior, and dynamics of wildlife populations and the techniques used to ensure their continued survival. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: BIO 326 and one of (BIO 223 or BIO 527 or BIO 528)
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 479 Ecosystems And Climate Change
Principles of ecosystem ecology, including the factors controlling ecosystem structure, productivity, nutrient cycling, and energy balance-with examples from the Colorado Plateau and emphasis on global environmental change. Cross-listed with FOR 479. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 181 and BIO 182 and BIO 326 ) or (FOR 313 and FOR 314 and FOR 315 and FOR 316)
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 482C Human Genomics
This course will convey basic ideas in human genomics, including how genetic information determines phenotype, theories of genetic diagnosis, and the role of genes in cancer and other diseases. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 482CH Human Genomics - Honors
This course will convey basic ideas in human genomics, including how genetic information determines phenotype, theories of genetic diagnosis, and the role of genes in cancer and other diseases. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 483 Engineering In Biology And Medicine I
Introduction to engineering in biology and medicine. Introduction to the basics of bioelectrical signals, bioelectricity, physiology modeling. Introduction to "reverse" engineering in the fields of medicine and biology. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 484 Human Tissue Biology
Investigation of the microanatomy, function, and the structural basis of physiology of human cells, tissues, and organs in a combined lecture and laboratory. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
4 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 485 Undergraduate Research
Original research under the supervision of a research adviser. Pass-fail or letter grade. May be repeated for up to 12 units of credit. Department consent required.
1-6 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 485C Undergraduate Research
Research under the supervision of a faculty research adviser. Pass-fail only. Student must have research mentor approval prior to departmental consent. Department consent required. Pass-fail only.
1-6 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 488C Medical Microbiology
Medical aspects of host-parasite relationships in bacterial, mycotic, rickettsial, and viral diseases of human. Letter grade only. Course fee required. Prerequisite: (BIO 205 or 220) and (CHM 230, 230L) or (CHM 235, 235L)
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 488CH Medical Microbiology - Honors
Medical aspects of host-parasite relationships in bacterial, mycotic, rickettsial, and viral diseases of human. Course fee required. Letter grade only. Prerequisite: (BIO 205 or 220) and (CHM 230, 230L) or (CHM 235, 235L)
3 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 488L Medical Microbiology Laboratory
This course reinforces and provides hands-on learning opportunities of the concepts covered in BIO 488C. Letter grade only.
1 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 497 Independent Study
Individualized approach to selected topics by guided reading and critical evaluation. Pass-fail or letter grade. No repeat limit. Department consent required. Please complete the Independent Study Proposal form and obtain signatures of approval BEFORE registering. https://policy.nau.edu/policy/Documents/Independent_Study_Form_FINAL.pdf
1-6 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 497C Independent Study
Individualized approach to selected topics by guided reading and critical evaluation under the guidance of a faculty adviser. Pass-fail only. Student must have study mentor approval prior to departmental consent. Department consent required. Please complete the Independent Study Proposal form and obtain signatures of approval BEFORE registering. https://policy.nau.edu/policy/Documents/Independent_Study_Form_FINAL.pdf
1-6 BIO 400 - Level Senior Capstone
BIO 498 Senior Seminar
Integrates theory and practice of biological concepts, with emphasis on historical, contemporary, and future issues. Coconvenes with BIO 698. Letter grade only. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 units.
1 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 499 Contemporary Developments
Examines recent trends and investigations in a selected area of a particular major field of study. Letter grade only. No repeat limit.  
1-3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 499H Contemporary Developments - Honors
Examines recent trends and investigations in a selected area of a particular major field of study. Letter grade only. No repeat limit.  
1-3 BIO 400 - Level
BIO 502 Virology
Biophysical and biochemical characteristics of mammalian and microbial viruses. Co-convened with BIO 402. Letter grade only. Recommended: PHY 111 and 112.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 507 Soil Ecology
In this course students will examine the principles of soil ecology, beginning with the development of soil and how it is fundamentally structured, to the biology of soil: the organisms that live below ground and how they regulate and affect soil fertility. Students will capitalize on local study systems (e.g. the campus composting and garden program, or burn scars in managed forest systems near the campus, or others), to learn the practical aspects of soil-testing. Students will measure the chemical, physical and biological properties of soils and decomposing organic matter. Cross-listed with FOR 507. 3 hrs lecture, 3 hrs lab. Letter grade only.
4 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 514 Advanced Exercise Physiology
Applies physiological principles to exercise circumstances; includes critical analysis of the effect of exercise on human physiologic function with in-depth examination of current literature. Co-convenes with BIO 420C. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 516 Microbial Genetics
Fundamental concepts of microbial genetics including chromosome mapping, resistance transfer factors, transduction, transformation, mutagenesis, mechanism and control of gene expression. Recommended: PHY 111 and 112. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 517 Agrostology
Identification, classification, structure, distribution, and economic importance of grasses. Combined 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 523 Meta-analysis In Ecology And Evolution
This is an introductory course to meta-analysis. The course is designed for advanced graduate students who have an interest in ecological and evolutionary phenomena for which published data already exists. We will study the basic steps in meta-analysis design and implementation, including statistical models and the interpretation and presentation of results. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 525 Ichthyology
Evolution, systematics, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and identification of fishes. recommended: weekend field trips. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 526 Herpetology
Classification, distribution, ecology, and identification of amphibians and reptiles. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 527 Ornithology
Classification, anatomy, physiology, ecology, behavior, distribution, and field identification of birds. 2 hrs. lecture, 4 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 528 Mammalogy
Survey of functional morphology, classification, behavior, and ecology of mammals. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 535 Neurobiology And Behavior
Mechanisms of neuron and muscle excitability, neural network function, and sensory processing. Presents several examples of the neural correlates of behavior. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 535H Neurobiology And Behavior - Honors
Mechanisms of neuron and muscle excitability, neural network function, and sensory processing. Presents several examples of the neural correlates of behavior. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 536 Developmental Plant Anatomy
Cells, tissues, and organs of seed plants, emphasizing correlations between structure and function. Co-convened with BIO 436. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 540 Comparative Animal Physiology
Advanced survey of organ systems, physiology, and functional morphology. 3 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only.
4 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 541 Cardiorespiratory Physiology
Provides in-depth exploration of cardiovascular and respiratory physiology, emphasizing mechanics and control and their study in exercise. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 542 Biomechanics
Mechanical principles of force, motion, and equilibrium as they apply to human performance of motor skills. Co-convenes with BIO 360. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 545 Endocrinology
Influence of chemical mediators in physiological processes. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 554 Applied Cardiovascular Physiology
Human physiology as it relates to cardiovascular regulation during orthostasis, exercise, aging, thermal stress, and in special populations. Co-convened with BIO 454C. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 565 Advanced Clinical Exercise Physiology
This course will cover pathogenesis and pathophysiology of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease and focus on current research related to interventions including exercise, nutrition, nutritional supplements, and pharmacological therapies. Additionally the topics of aging, obesity, chronic inflammation, and oxidative stress will be addressed. Co-convened with BIO 465C. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 566 Legislative Internship
Supervised internship in the Arizona Legislature during spring semester. You must apply during fall semester; selection is competitive, and you must be a candidate for a graduate degree. Registration is handled by the internship coordinator after the legislature has made its final selection. Pass-fail only.
1-12 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 567 Ecological Sampling And Monitoring
The course challenges students to apply ecological concepts and practice standard sampling techniques. Students design and execute population censuses, describe demographic phenomena, and explore phenomena characteristics of representativel ecosystems. Students create and apply sampling schema and experimental procedures. Students analyze and present data using techniques exemplary of best practice in ecology. Instructor consent required. Co-convened with BIO 467. 1 hr. lecture, 9 hrs. lab. Letter grade only.
4 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 568 Conservation And Management Of Imperiled Species
The course familiarizes students with the practical, legal, political, social, and economic realities of managing regulated species, and it engages them in current conservation challenges with imperiled species and habitats. The course emphasizes innovative, multidisciplinary resource management and conservation strategies. It gives graduate students the opportunity to lead discussions on relevant issues in conservation and resource management and to engage in deliberations and practices required of conservation professionals working with regulated species. Co-convened with BIO 468. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 570 Plant Ecology
Surveys theories that explore the dynamic nature of plants. Uses examples from population-level and community-level studies to demonstrate current problems in plant ecology, emphasizing paradigms unique to plants. 2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 571 Field Biology
Natural history of organisms common to Arizona. 1-2 hrs. lecture, 3 hrs. lab. May be repeated as needed for credit. Instructor's consent required. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
2-3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 573 Field Ecology
Emphasizes identification of original field research problems in diverse habitats, experimentation, data analyses, oral presentation of findings, and writing in journal format. 2 hrs. lecture, 6 hrs. lab. Letter grade only. Course fee required.
4 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 577 Concepts In Ecology
Theoretical and applied concepts in ecology, such as evolutionary ecology, population and community ecology, ecosystem ecology and behavioral ecology. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 578 Microbial Ecology
Population, community, and ecosystem ecology of microorganisms emphasizing interactions with plants and animals and the roles of microorganisms in ecosystem processes. Co-convenes with BIO 471C. Cross-listed with ENV 571. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 580 Population And Quantitative Genetics
Mendelian and quantitative approaches to understanding population and evolutionary genetics; inference concerning natural lab populations. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 587 Professional Development
Designed to assist in preparing you for entry into your professional arena. Pass-fail or letter grade, depending on department policy.
1-3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 593 In-service Teacher Workshop
Topical instruction involving exchange of ideas, practical methods, skills, and principles. Normally you may count up to 6 hours of 593 toward your graduate program. Pass-fail only.
1-3 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 597 Reading For Comprehensive Exam
Preparation for comprehensive examination. Pass-fail only.
1-9 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 599 Contemporary Developments
Examines recent trends and investigations in a selected area of a particular field of study. May be offered no more than three times before being submitted for a permanent course number. May be repeated for credit. Letter grade only.
1-4 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 599H Contemporary Developments - Honors
Examines recent trends and investigations in a selected area of a particular field of study. May be offered no more than three times before being submitted for a permanent course number. May be repeated for credit. Letter grade only.
1-4 BIO 500 - Level
BIO 608 Fieldwork Experience
Supervised field experience in an appropriate agency, organization, or situation. May not exceed 12 hours of credit. Pass-fail only. Department consent required.
1-12 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 663 Biogeography
Reviews factors governing the patterns of organism distribution, including biotic and physical relationships, evolutionary history, dispersal mechanisms, paleoecology, continental drift, and insular phenomena. Letter grade only. Prerequisites: undergraduate degree in biology or related field plus knowledge of basic ecological concepts.
3 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 666 Animal Behavior
Surveys principles and theory, emphasizing feeding, reproduction, habitat behavior, aggression, learning, communication, behavioral genetics, and social organization. Letter grade only. Prerequisite: undergraduate degree in biology, psychology, anthropology, or sociology.
3 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 673 Physiological Ecology
Biophysical analysis of organism interaction with environment. Major topics include energy balance, gas exchange, and water relations of animals and plants. Letter grade only. Prerequisites: introductory courses in ecology, physiology, chemistry, and physics.
4 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 680 Biological Techniques
Selected topics on techniques used in modern field and lab research. May be repeated for credit. 2 hrs. lecture (3 hrs. lab at instructor's option). Instructor's consent required. Pass-fail or letter grade. Course fee required.
1-3 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 682 Quantitative Biology
Introduces quantitative analysis of biological data, including the treatment of field and lab data by computer statistical packages and mathematical models of biological and ecological processes. Letter grade only.
3 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 685 Graduate Research
Letter grade or pass-fail. May be repeated as needed. Department Consent.
1-6 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 686 Community Ecology In Theory And Practice
This course will focus on classical and modern theories of community ecology and the practical application of that theory. The course will include review and discussion of classical community ecology studies, followed by trait-based and phylogenetic-based community ecology modules. Application of the methods discussed in readings will be achieved through statistical analyses in the R computing language. Letter grade only.
2 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 697 Independent Study
Individualized directed study on selected topics. Note that no more than 3 units may be included on a master's plan in education. Letter grade or pass-fail. Department Consent. Please complete the Independent Study Proposal form and obtain signatures of approval BEFORE registering. https://policy.nau.edu/policy/Documents/Independent_Study_Form_FINAL.pdf
1-3 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 698 Graduate Seminar
Oral reports on current literature topics or individual research by staff and graduate students. Coconvenes with BIO 498. Pass-fail or letter grade. May be repeated as needed. Instructor consent required.
1 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 699 Graduate Thesis
Individualized directed research, writing, and oral defense of selected thesis topic. May be repeated as needed. Department Consent. Pass-fail only. Prerequisite: Admission to master's program.
1-9 BIO 600 - Level
BIO 795 Internship In College Teaching
Department Consent. Pass-fail or letter grade.
1 BIO 700 - Level
BIO 799 Dissertation
Individualized directed research, writing, and oral defense of selected dissertation topic. Department consent required. Pass-fail only. May be repeated as needed.
1-9 BIO 700 - Level