Geology, Bachelor of Science
School of Earth and Sustainability
College of the Environment, Forestry, and Natural Sciences
This degree attracts students who are curious about geologic hazards, the evolution of the Earth, and what lies beneath the landscape. The program incorporates field-work, laboratory experience, and specialized computer programs that help unveil the secrets of the Earth’s infrastructure.
- Available Emphasis Areas:
- Applied Geology - Emphasis
- Geophysics - Emphasis
- Paleontology - Emphasis
- Geology Coursework
To receive a bachelor's degree at Northern Arizona University, you must complete at least 120 units of credit that minimally includes a major, the liberal studies requirements, and university requirements as listed below.
- All of Northern Arizona University's liberal studies, diversity, junior-level writing, and capstone requirements.
- All requirements for your specific academic plan(s).
- At least 30 units of upper-division courses, which may include transfer work.
- At least 30 units of coursework taken through Northern Arizona University, of which at least 18 must be upper-division courses (300-level or above). This requirement is not met by credit-by-exam, retro-credits, transfer coursework, etc.
- A cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0 on all work attempted at Northern Arizona University.
In addition to University Requirements:
- 69-88 units of major requirements including 16-32 units of concentration or emphasis requirements
- Up to 9 units of major prefix courses may be used to satisfy Liberal Studies requirements; these same courses may also be used to satisfy major requirements.
- Elective courses, if needed, to reach an overall total of at least 120 units.
Please note that students may be able to use some courses to meet more than one requirement. Contact your advisor for details.
|Minimum Units for Completion||120|
|Highest Mathematics Required||MAT 137|
|Additional Admission Requirements||Required|
|University Honors Program||Optional|
|AZ Transfer Students complete AGEC-S||Recommended|
|Progression Plan Link||Not Available|
|Emphasis or Concentration Required||An emphasis or concentration is required for this major.|
The Geology program in SESES develops an interdisciplinary base of knowledge that students use to understand the physical and biological history of the Earth and the evidence for that history. A distinguishing characteristic of geology is that it includes deep time in its understanding of terrestrial and solar system processes.
The Geology program is based on a strong foundation of physics, chemistry, and mathematics that provides an underpinning for the students as they move through the program and start to develop an appreciation for the complexities of interconnected Earth systems and their physical and chemical processes. Students work in field and lab environments, using the scientific method to develop an understanding of Earth materials and to synthesize information from diverse sources and methods to interpret the geological history of the Earth and the processes that occur on and below its surface. This includes the analysis of topographic maps 40 and remote sensing images using GIS tools to study the three-dimensional geometry of rock units, as well as geochemical and geophysical data obtained in the field and laboratory.
The three emphases within the program allow the students to develop a deeper understanding of specific fields within the subject and to prepare themselves for a range of professional opportunities. These enable them to explore the use of a range of geophysical and geochemical data and understand how to apply it to solve environmental and geotechnical problems. The program also provides experience in studying the interactions of humans with Earth systems using mathematical, physical, and chemical methods.
Student Learning Outcomes
Core Geology Outcomes
- Describe and assess linkages between interconnected Earth systems and relate those linkages to human society.
- Analyze properties of Earth materials as recorders of geological processes.
- Collect and synthesize complex and often incomplete field data and other spatial information to interpret geologic history.
- Evaluate, critique, and synthesize scientific literature and communicate scientific information.
- Demonstrate proficiency in quantitative problem solving in a geologic context.
- Understand the physical and biological history and evolution of the Earth and the evidence for that history.
- Explore core aspects of paleontology including phylogenetic analysis and the use of taphofacies, ichnofacies, and fossil assemblages to determine sedimentary depositional environments.
- Apply an understanding of the evolution of organisms through time to problems of dating geological sequences.
- Explore the use of geologic, geophysical, geochemical, and geomorphic data and apply it to develop solutions to environmental and geotechnical problems.
- Study the interactions of humans with Earth systems using mathematical, physical, and chemical methods.
- Understand how mathematical and physical concepts and principles may be applied to solving problems of the solid Earth.
- Obtain and analyze geophysical data including seismology, gravity, magnetics, and resistivity to answer questions about the Earth’s subsurface and surface processes such as earthquakes.
Additional Admission Requirements
You will be automatically admitted to Northern Arizona University's geology program if you:
If you don’t meet these requirements, you must apply to the program by writing a letter of application, supported by current transcripts, before entering GLG 309. Send your application to the program coordinator of the Geology Program (see School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability for more information).
You must be admitted to the program before you can enroll in any of the following courses: GLG 309, GLG 315, GLG 324, GLG 350W, GLG 435, GLG 440C, and GLG 470.
This major requires 69 - 88 units distributed as follows:
- Core Requirements: 53-56 units
- Select an Emphasis or Coursework: 16-32 units
- Applied Geology Emphasis: 32 units
- Geology Coursework: 16 units
- Geophysics Emphasis: 25 units
- Paleontology Emphasis: 26-27 units
Take the following 69-97 units
Core Requirements (53-56 units)
*Students in the Applied Geology Emphasis may not select ENV 115 for this requirement.
- CHM 151, CHM 151L, CHM 152, CHM 152L (9 units)
- GLG 102, GLG 104L, GLG 240, GLG 309, GLG 324, GLG 435 (19 units)
- GLG 350W which meets the junior-level writing requirement (3 units)
- GLG 440C which meets the senior capstone requirement (5 units)
- GLG 490 is not required, but is highly recommended
- MAT 136, (MAT 137**, STA 270, or STA 275) (7-8 units)
- (PHY 111 and PHY 112) or (PHY 161 and PHY 262) (7-8 units)
**MAT 137 is required for students completing the Applied Geology or Geophysics Emphasis. Some employers and graduate programs may require the MAT 136 and MAT 137 pairing. Consult with your advisor.
- The PHY 161 and PHY 262 pairing is recommended, and is specifically required for those who choose the Applied Geology and Geophysics Emphasis. PHY 262L is not required.
- GLG 490 is not required, but is highly recommended.
- Emphasis or Coursework Requirements (Select One):
- PHI 331 is not required, but is encouraged as a General Studies elective, for students in the Applied Geology Emphasis.
Additional coursework is required, if, after you have met the previously described requirements, you have not yet completed a total of 120 units of credit.
You may take these remaining courses from any academic areas, using these courses to pursue your specific interests and goals. We encourage you to consult with your advisor to select the courses that will be most advantageous to you. (Please note that you may also use prerequisites or transfer credits as electives if they weren't used to meet major, minor, or liberal studies requirements.)
Be aware that some courses may have prerequisites that you must also take. For prerequisite information, click on the course or see your advisor.
Accelerated Bachelor's to Master's Program
This program is available as an Accelerated Undergraduate/Graduate Plan wherein a student may start a Master's degree, while simultaneously completing their Bachelor's degree. Departments may allow students to complete both degrees in an accelerated manner by approving up to 12 units applicable to both degrees.