Justice Studies, Bachelor
Public Administration and Justice Studies
Online, Statewide, and Education Innovation
The courses offered in the Justice Studies program are designed to provide students with a solid theoretical foundation from which they can address current issues facing the criminal justice field. The skills focused on in the different emphasis areas (Criminal Justice Administration or Intelligence Studies) have been purposefully selected to enable students to succeed as a criminal justice practitioner and leader, enhance employment and career opportunities, and for those in the Intelligence Studies emphasis, prepare students to work in the intelligence field.
Students pursuing a degree in Justice Studies with an emphasis in Criminal Justice Administration will be prepared to enter a career in the criminal justice field and pursue a variety of assignments. For those currently working in the criminal justice field, an emphasis in Criminal Justice Administration will provide a pathway for moving into a leadership position or a specialty assignment.
Students pursuing a degree in Justice Studies with an emphasis in Intelligence Studies will be prepared to enter a career in the criminal justice field and work in the intelligence and homeland security areas. For those currently working in the criminal justice field, an emphasis in Intelligence Studies will provide a pathway for moving into intelligence-led policing, leading intelligence groups or other intelligence-related assignments within the criminal justice field.
- Available Emphasis Areas:
- Criminal Justice Administration - Emphasis
- Intelligence Studies - Emphasis
To receive a bachelor's degree at Northern Arizona University, you must complete at least 120 units of credit that minimally includes a major, the liberal studies requirements, and university requirements as listed below.
- All of Northern Arizona University's diversity, liberal studies, junior-level writing, and capstone requirements.
- All requirements for your specific academic plan(s).
- At least 30 units of upper-division courses, which may include transfer work.
- At least 30 units of coursework taken through Northern Arizona University, of which at least 18 must be upper-division courses (300-level or above). This requirement is not met by credit-by-exam, retro-credits, transfer coursework, etc.
- A cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0 on all work attempted at Northern Arizona University.
The full policy can be viewed here.
In addition to University Requirements:
- At least 36 units of major coursework
- 6 units of communication skills
- 12-16 hours of a foreign language
- Elective courses, as needed, to reach an overall total of at least 120 units
Students may be able to use some courses to meet more than one requirement. Contact your advisor for details.
|Minimum Units for Completion||120|
|Highest Mathematics Required||MAT 114|
|Fieldwork Experience/Internship||Fieldwork Experience/Internship may be required by chosen emphasis or offered as an option.|
|Some online/blended coursework||Required|
|AZ Transfer Students complete AGEC-A||Recommended|
|Progression Plan Link||View Progression Plan|
The Bachelor’s in Justice Studies provides online and distance-learning students with a professional, criminal justice-focused education that prepares students to ethically work and lead in the fields of criminal justice and intelligence studies.
To help students reach their education and career goals, all Justice Studies faculty members have advanced degrees and extensive experience in the criminal justice or intelligence fields, specializing in areas, such as, criminal justice investigations, police leadership, community policing, drug investigations, federal law enforcement, corrections, intelligence-led policing, military intelligence, cyber crime, and the law.
Students complete core courses in ethics, leadership, criminal justice, criminology, the justice system and effective writing. They then move on to tailoring their degree to their individual interests by selecting elective courses in criminal justice administration or intelligence studies.
The emphasis in criminal justice administration ensures students develop an in-depth knowledge of their areas of interest within the criminal justice system, such as juvenile justice, mentally ill offenders, employment law, forensics and crime control. This emphasis also helps students use critical thinking to connect theoretical concepts with practical criminal justice situations; a necessary skill for success in the criminal justice field.
The emphasis in intelligence studies focuses on preparing students to identify, analyze and disseminate intelligence information for the purpose of investigating all forms of criminal activity, including terrorism. To ensure students are prepared to work in the current environment, courses also expose students to a variety of contemporary topics in the intelligence field, such as the promotion of terrorist ideologies through social media, the psychology of terrorism and counterintelligence strategies.
In addition to working in the criminal justice field, many graduates choose to build upon their critical thinking, criminal justice and leadership courses by pursuing advanced degrees in criminal justice, leadership or the law.
Student Learning Outcomes
- Understand the ethical issues impacting the criminal justice field
- Identify and discuss the various steps involved in the adjudication process
- Distinguish between the crime control model of criminal justice and the due process model of criminal justice
- Describe how the courts are related to other components of the criminal justice system
- Have an in-depth understanding of specific areas of the criminal justice field (e.g., employment law for justice administrators, forensics, cultural diversity).
- Have a general understanding of the theoretical causes of crime and be able to use this theoretical foundation to analyze practical criminal justice situations.
- Use leadership theories to develop strategies for leading in the criminal justice field.
- Provide a detailed understanding of basic intelligence concepts including the intelligence cycle, which serves as a framework for understanding intelligence activities.
- Explain the conceptual and practical foundations, organization, collection of platforms, capabilities, limitations, exploitation and key issues of intelligence collection with emphasis on various disciplines including HUMINT, SIGINT, MASINT, GEOINT and OSINT used in intelligence products.
- Identify, describe and evaluate applicable intelligence technologies.
- Understand how and why social media is used to facilitate terrorist ideologies.
- Identify ways to monitor, collect (covertly, overtly, and electronically), organize, and analyze data relating to a wide range criminal activity.
- Understand the role criminal intelligence has in crime prevention and intervention.
- Articulate understanding of the craft of intelligence analysis to include: critical thinking techniques, recognizing cognitive biases and logic errors, intelligence analysis process, intelligence-policy connection and natural points of conflict within this critical relationship, intelligence failures and associated causes, and challenges facing today's intelligence analyst.
- Examine the range of ethical responsibilities different U.S. intelligence communities hold, the relationship between intelligence and the policy-making process as well as the legal foundations and oversight mechanisms with particular emphasis on the intersection of national security concerns and civil liabilities.
This major requires 60 to 61 units, distributed as follows:
- Justice Studies Common Course Requirements: 15 units
- Select an Emphasis: 21 units
- Criminal Justice Administration Emphasis
- Intelligence Studies Emphasis
- Interdisciplinary Studies Requirements: 24 to 25 units
- Communication Requirement: 6 units
- Foreign Language or Science Requirement: 18 to 19 units
Complete the following 15 units with a Grade of "C" or better:
Justice Studies Common Course Requirements
Criminal Justice Practice (15 units)
Emphasis Requirement (Select One)
Complete 21 units with a Grade of "C" or better.
Criminal Justice Administration Emphasis (21 units)
Select three from the Criminal Justice Practice courses (9 units):
- JUS 315, JUS 335, JUS 337, (JUS 310 or JUS 410), JUS 352, JUS 399, JUS 408, JUS 412, JUS 416, JUS 420, JUS 452
Criminal Justice Theory (6 units)
Select two from the Criminal Justice Theory courses (6 units):
Intelligence Studies Emphasis (21 units):
Select four courses from (12 units):
Interdisciplinary Studies Requirements
Communication Requirements (6 units)
Select 6 units in the following two categories.
- Performance-based courses, select one from the following (3 units)
- Theory-based courses, select one from the following (3 units)
Please note that you cannot use CLEP or locally prepared exams to satisfy this requirement. Transfer credit used to satisfy this requirement must be approved by the program director.
Foreign Language Requirement Option (19 units)
- Foreign Language Requirement (16 units)
- You must demonstrate proficiency in a language other than English that is equivalent to four terms of university coursework in the same language. You may satisfy this requirement by taking language courses or by testing out of all or part of it by taking CLEP, or other exams.
- Computer Literacy (3 units)
- This coursework must help you to understand, in general, the technical components of computers and information systems, how to solve problems using information systems technology, word processing, spreadsheet use, database management, graphic information software, website development, graphic design and use of statistical analysis software. Subject to advisor approval.
- Select one from the following (3 units)
- [BBA 293]
- [ISM 120]
- Foreign Language Requirement (16 units)
Science Requirement Option (18 units)
Science Requirement, select from the following (12 units):
Computer Literacy (6 units)
This coursework must help you to understand, in general, the technical components of computers and information systems, how to solve problems using information systems technology, word processing, spreadsheet use, database management, graphic information software, website development, graphic design and use of statistical analysis software. Subject to advisor approval.
- Select ISM 120 or BBA 293 (3 units)
- BBA 340 or Advisor Approved coursework including the CIS or CS prefix (3 units)
Additional coursework is required if, after you have met the previously described requirements, you have not yet completed a total of 120 units of credit.
You may take these remaining courses from any of the academic areas, using these courses to pursue your specific interests and goals. You may also use prerequisites or transfer credits as electives if they weren't used to meet major, minor, or liberal studies requirements.
We encourage you to consult with your advisor to select the courses that will be most advantageous to you.
Be aware that some courses may have prerequisites that you must also successfully complete. For prerequisite information, click on the course or see your advisor.